This series provides the essential information needed to assure a smooth transition. Reports in this
series detail organization and operations in a range of offices critical to a properly functioning White House.
These reports rely heavily on the extensive interviews conducted by
WHTP's White House Interview Program, an innovative program that has given practitioners a useful way
to pass on their experiences to those that follow, regardless of party. Pictured at left, WHTP Director, Martha Kumar
reviews with Bush Transition Director Clay Johnson one of the briefing books WHTP provided for each of the offices covered by the 2001
series: Chief of Staff, Staff Secretary,
Director of Personnel, White House Administration, White House Counsel, Press Secretary, and Office of Communications. Mr. Johnson had served as
the Bush for President Transition planner and had worked with WHTP staff for almost two years by the time the new administration took office.
go on to serve as Director of Presidential Personnel in the new White House.
The institutional memory series office descriptions detail basic
organizational structures, as well as typical work routines, identify what those who have done the job commonly think has worked
and what has not.
The series for 2009 begins with updated descriptions for each of the seven offices
covered in the original and highly acclaimed 2001 series. In addition, this series includes organizational charts for many
offices typically running from 1978 through 2000 at six month intervals.
shortcut to the Institutional Memory Series, The White House World gathers and digests the
same material provided to the Bush White House staff in 2001.
For access to the 2001 version of these reports in the institutional memory series, along with access to organizational charts, select the WHTP - 2001 Institutional Memory Series .
|To reach any of the authors of our office studies, download the WHTP Expert Registry or see the
brief listings under the "News from WHTP" section.|
These briefing papers concentrate on issues and resources identified in discussions with
past White House staff, including those attending the WHTP and James Baker Institute's meeting of the former
White House Chiefs of Staff.
The series exploits new databases focusing on travel, the 100 days, organizational routine, crisis management, press, the White House budget,
and other matters. It also includes taking advantage of earlier databases produced for the
2001 transition plans, including information on presidential appointments.[All in PDF format]
New Institutional Data
Appointments Database and Analysis
- The 2012 Plum Book. OPM's guide to presidential appointments.
WHTP makes it available by download (pdf): click to download here.
- The Details of Inquiry —
Fixing the Presidential Appointments Process by Terry Sullivan Revised!
- The Real Invisible Hand:
Presidential Appointees in the Administration of George W. Bush by G. Calvin MacKenzie
Special Report: The View from the Nerve Center
In its first book in the special studies series, WHTP and its partner The
James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University focus on the specific
operational problems faced by the White House Chief of Staff. The book, Nerve Center: Lessons on Governing from the White House
Chiefs of Staff is published by the Texas A&M University Press.
Center compiles the collective judgments of 12 of the 14 living
former White House Chiefs of Staff who convened to discuss the challenges
that present every White House trying to move the nation's agenda forward. "Some of us have
tried to oust others of us from office," noted James A. Baker III in his remarks
opening the conference, "but on many issues about how to do the nation's business, we are all agreed
there is no partisan answer. Every new administration deserves a chance to realize the electorate's will without
stumbling through the simplest mistakes. We've all been there and regardless of
who steps into this job on the twentieth of January, we want the best for them."
Those involved in the conference and covered in the book include:
- Former Congressman, Sec. of Defense, and Vice-President Richard Cheney
- Former Sec. of Treasury and of State James A. Baker III
- Former Senate Majority Leader and Ambassador Howard Baker, Jr.
- Former Congressman, Ambassador, and Sec. of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
- Former Congressman, OMB Director, Sec. of Defense Leon Panetta
- Former Governor John Sununu
- Former Sec. of Transportation Samuel Skinner
- Erskine Bowles
- John Podesta
- Jack Watson
- Thomas "Mack" McClarty
- Kenneth Duberstein, and
- Former Sec. of Commerce Andy Card
Before the Oath and Presidential Transitions Work
WHTP Director Kumar Talks with
July 26th, the NBC News program Meet the Press will air an interview with WHTP Director Martha Kumar in its "Press Pass" segnment. Chuck Todd's interview will cover Professor Kumar's new book on the 2008-2009 Bush/Obama transition, Before the Oath, and her role working for the White House Transition Project.
This interview follows:
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- A special event (July 9) at the Partnership for Public Service, a panel organized around Before the Oath, including participation by Clay Johnson, former Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget and George W. Bush's chief transition planner, and Chris Lu, Deputy Secretary of Labor and Barrack Obama's chief transition planner.
See this panel at: https://vimeo.com/133063579
- A panel program (July 17) at the National Academy of Public Administration focussed on Director Kumar's analysis of the 2008-09 transition. The discussion brought together various federal managers as part of NAPA's commitment to the 2017 presidential transition: see its "Presidential Transition 2016 Initiative."
- A luncheon and panel discussion at the White House Historical Association on Before the Oath.
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Find your local NBC affiliate at: NBC Local.
Not Just Sharks and Jets
WHTP Supports Steps in Appointments Reform
In accordance with S. 679, a bill to reform the presidential appointments process, the President's Working Group on Streamlining the Nominations and Appointments Process reported to the President and Senate leadership on a series of potentially useful reforms. Get the report here.
One of WHTP's primary missions focuses on promoting better understanding of the presidential appointments process, particularly the details of inquiry. "Until WHTP got into it," noted
Terry Sullivan, who directs WHTP's project on appointments,
"no one really understood the breadth or depth of the questioning that nominees faced [NB: WHTP research shows they must now provide some 6,000 details]." WHTP has published research on reforming the appointments process since 2000. The Senate Committee report accompanying S. 679 quoted several passages from WHTP's Details of Inquiry citing a version of the WHTP study that appeared in the Public Administration Review.
S. 679 Background. In March 2011, a bipartisan leadership task force announced proposed changes to the appointments process that it hoped would lay the foundation for
more extensive reforms. The recommendations, found in S. 679, called for a reduction in the numbers of executive positions which
carry a PAS designiation (Presidential Appointee Senate confirmable). These positions typically involve operational rather than policy-making
responsibilities and typically include legislative affairs and public affairs officers in the line agencies. In an earlier decision, the White House had dropped its use of the White House Personal Data Statement, a questionnaire which greatly increased unnecessarily duplicative inquiry. "On appointments, a common flashpoint in gridlock politics, both these steps represented good faith attempts to find a common ground," Sullivan commented, "In Washington and on appointments, it's not just sharks and jets any more."
Having passed in the House in July 2012, the President signed the bill August 10. The Senate bill also initiated a review of the inquiry process, long called for by a number of commissions and supported by WHTP. The review included consolidating nominee information and outlining a plan for developing a "Smart Form" modelled
on WHTP's Nomination Forms Online, software developed for the 2000-2001 transition. "We are particularly pleased with this last part of the bill," reported Terry
Sullivan, director of the WHTP NFO program, "as it takes significant steps to improve the inquiry process along the lines WHTP has advocated for more
than a decade."
The report from the President's working group underscores the need for a "common core" of questions, a process to easily transfer this common core from the Executive to the Senate and a process to adapt current electronic information gathering to facilitate a "smart form" approach to inquiry. The report now goes to the Senate. In May, the Working Group issues a final report on a detailed plan for implementing its smart form approach.
Access WHTP's report on
rationalizing inquiry and other reports in the Institutional Anatomy Series on this site by clicking here.
Some Notes on Second Terms
A few patterns to second terms:
- Since the end of World War II, all second term presidents have faced at least one house of Congress in the hands of the other party. Divided government is the common pattern.
- Outside of the founders' generation, few presidents have made a successful bid for reelection:
Second term presidents make more major requests of Congress for programs than they did during their first terms.
Second term presidents do not succeed as much in their second terms as they did in their first terms.
Second term congressional majorities propose slightly more major programs during a president's second term as they do during the first term.
Second term congressional majorities succeed as much during a president's second terms as they did during the first term.
- Of the twenty-seven presidents dating from the end of the founders' generation up to the end of WWII, six have succefully run for a second term.
- Of the eleven post WWII presidents, six have successfully run for a second term.